Thursday, February 17, 2011

Cebuano Writers

Module 2: Cebuano Writers
Posted by: Alma Erana
Sources: Cebuano Literature ni Resil B. Mojares pages 135-161
              www. mapsofworld .com/ cities/ philippines/ cebu-city/ erlinda-k-alburo

This module is intended to:
  • Acknowledge the Cebuano writers and promote their achievements in Cebuano writings.
  • expose the individual biography of Cebuano writers
  • introduce the Cebuano writings to the learners.

This module is served to be an educational supplement for learners tool in learning Cebuano writers, together with their biographies and some of their works.

List of Cebuano Writers


    * Antonio Abad
    * Ceres Yap Chai Abanil
    * Martin Abellana
    * Onofre Abellanosa
    * Ramón D. Abellanosa
    * Victorina A. Abellanosa
    * Temistokles Adlawan
    * Ruperto Alaura
    * Erlinda K. Alburo
    * Sinforosa Alcordo
    * Jacinto Alcos
    * Vicente Alcover
    * Diosdado G. Alesna
    * Epifanio Alfafara
    * Sergio Alfafara
    * Brígido B. Alfar
    * Estrella Alfon
    * Potenciano Alino
    * Cora Almerino
    * Tomás N. Alonso
    * Francisco C. Álvarez
    * Uldarico A. Alviola
    * Ignatio Francisco Alzina
    * Gavin Bagares
    * Cecilia Manguerra Brainard
    * Simeon Dumdum, Jr.
    * Lina Espina-Moore
    * Resil Mojares
    * Hilda Montaire
    * Hope Sabanpan-Yu
    * Ben Zubiri

Cecilia Manguerra Brainard is a Filipina author of fiction based in California, U.S.A.. She was born in Cebu, Philippines, attended St. Theresa's College in Cebu and in San Marcelino, Manila. She also went to Maryknoll College (now Miriam College) in Quezon City from 1964 to 1968, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Communication Arts. She did graduate work in film making at UCLA in 1969. Brainard's works include the internationally acclaimed novel, When the Rainbow Goddess Wept, Woman with Horns and Other Stories and Philippine Woman in America. She is the editor of the anthology Fiction by Filipinos in America and teaches creative writing at the Writers' Program of UCLA Extension.

She was born in 1947 and grew up with her influential family in Cebu City, on the Island of Cebu, Philippines. Cebu appears in her short stories and novel as Ubec (Cebu spelled backwards). Her idyllic childhood is associated with her father, an engineer who was already in his fifties when she was born. Brainard was the youngest of four children. Her father died when she was nine. To cope with the loss of the father figure, she started writing journals at the age of nine. Her writing eventually evolved into essays, then short stories, then novels.

She is the author and editor of over a dozen books, 250 published essays and four-dozen stories. From 1968 to 1981, she worked in the area of communications as a documentary scriptwriter, fundraiser and as an assistant director for a non-profit organization that included responsibilities in public relations and development. Since 1981, she has worked as a freelance writer. She has taught in the Animation Department at the University of Southern California. She teaches creative writing at the UCLA-Extension Writers’ Program. She once wrote a bi-monthly column, Filipina American Perspective for the Philippine American News, a newspaper in Los Angeles from 1982 to 1988. She was a founding member and past officer of Philippine American Women Writers and Artists (PAWWA). She is a member of PEN America.

As an author, editor, and teacher, Brainard is like the epic storyteller, Yvonne, in her internationally-acclaimed novel, When the Rainbow Goddess Wept. She promotes Filipino-American writers and Filipino-American literature so that other readers may learn, recover and remember. Her works can be found in periodicals such as Focus Philippines, Philippine Graphic, Mr. and Mrs. Magazine, Katipunan, Amerasia Journal, Bamboo Ridge and The California Examiner among many others. Her stories have been anthologized in the pages of Making Waves (1989), Forbidden Fruit (1992), Songs of Ourselves (1994), On a Bed of Rice (1995), "Pinay: Autobiographical Narratives by Women Writers, 1926-1998" (Ateneo 2000), "Asian American Literature" (Glencoe McGraw-Hill 2001) and many others.

Brainard immigrated to America in 1968 and became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1972. She eventually married Lauren Brainard, whom she had met in the Philippines when he was serving in the U.S. Peace Corps. The couple settled in Santa Monica, California where they have three sons namely Christopher, Alexander, and Andrew.

Her Novels and Short Story Collections

  • Acapulco at Sunset and other Stories (short story collection, Anvil, 1995)
  • Angelica's Daughters, a Dugtungan Novel (a collaborative novel co-authored by Brainard, Cuizon,Evangelista,Montes, and Sarreal, Anvil, 2010)
  • "Gokkusagi Tanricasi Agladginda" (Turkish edition of "When the Rainbow Goddess Wept" Bilge Kultur Sanat, translated by Fusun Talay, 2001)
  • Magdalena (novel, Plain View Press, 2002)
  • Vigan and other Stories (short story collection, Anvil, 2010, forthcoming)
  • When the Rainbow Goddess Wept (novel, Dutton, 1994), which first appeared as Song of Yvonne, (New Day Publishers, 1991) (Plume paperback, 1995), (University of Michigan Press, 1999)
  • Woman With Horns and Other Stories (short story collection, New Day Publishers, 1988)

Her works as editor of short story collections

    * Ala Carte Food and Fiction (Edited by Brainard and Orosa, Anvil, 2007)
    * Contemporary Fiction by Filipinos in America (Anvil, 1998)
    * Fiction by Filipinos in America (New Day, 1993)
    * Growing Up Filipino: Stories for Young Adults (PALH & Anvil, 2003)
    * Growing Up Filipino II: More Stories for Young Adults (PALH, 2010)
    * Seven Stories from Seven Sisters: A Collection of Philippine Folktales (Co-editor, PAWWA, 1992)
    * The Beginning and Other Asian Folktales (Co-editor, PAWWA, 1995)

Her essays and non-fiction collections

  • Finding God: True Stories of Spiritual Encounters" (Edited by Brainard and Orosa, Anvil, 2009)
  • Fundamentals of Creative Writing" (Anvil, 2009)
  • Behind the Walls: Life of Convent Girls" (Edited by Brainard and Orosa, Anvil, 2005)
  • Cecilia's Diary: 1962-1969 (memoir, Anvil, 2003)
  • Journey of 100 Years: Reflections on the Centennial of Philippine Independence (Edited by Brainard and Litton, Anvil, PAWWA, 1999)
  • Philippine Woman in America (New Day Publishers, 1991)

Her awards

  • Gintong Aklat Award (Golden Book Award), for Finding God: True Stories of Spiritual Encounters (coedited with Marily Y. Orosa) (2009)
  • Gourmand Award, for Ala Carte Food & Fiction (coedited with Marily Y. Orosa) (2008)
  • Certificate of Recognition from the Cebu Provincial Government (2006)
  • Certificate of Recognition from the California State Senate, 21st District (2001)
  • Filipinas Magazine Achievement Award for Arts and Culture (2001)
  • California State Summer School for the Arts Award (2000)
  • Outstanding Individual Award from the City of Cebu, Philippines (1997)
  • USIS Travel Lecture Grants (1995 & 1997))
  • Makati Rotarian Award (1994)
  • Literature Award, Filipino Women's Network (1992)
  • City of Los Angeles Certificate of Appreciation (1992)
  • Brody Arts Fund Fellowship (1991)
  • Special Recognition Award, Los Angeles Board of Education (1991)
  • City of Los Angeles Cultural Grant (1990–91)
  • California Arts Council Artists' Fellowship in Fiction (1989–90)
  • Honorable Mention Award of the Philippine Arts, Letters, and Media Council (PALM) for Welcome to America (1989)
  • Recognition Award, National Citizen Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL) (1987)
  • Fortner Prize, for the story The Balete Tree (1985)

Erlinda Kintanar Alburo is a prolific contemporary Cebuano language scholar and promoter of the language. She is the Director of the Cebuano Studies Center of the University of San Carlos, Philippines. She is an active member of Women in Literary Arts (WILA), and writes poetry both in English and cebuano. She teaches on the anthropology of linguistics.

    * Cebu Provincial History Project. Cluster 1 editor
    * Sinug-ang: A Cebuano trio, by Erlinda K. Alburo, Cora Almerio, and Ester Tapia. Women in Literary Arts-Cebu, Inc., 1999. Poems in English by three Cebuanas.
    * Dulaang Cebuano, edited by Erlinda K. Alburo, Resil Mojares, and Don Pagusara. Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1993. Collection of Cebuano plays.
    * Panulaang Cebuano, collected by Erlinda K. Alburo and with introduction by Resil B. Mojares. Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1993. Collection of Cebuano poems.
    * Bibliography of Cebuano folklore, University of San Carlos, 1977.
    * Cebuano poetry = Sugboanong balak. Edited and translated by Erlinda K. Alburo et al. Cebuano Studies Center, University of San Carlos, 1988. Cebuano poetry with translations into English.
    * Centering voices: an anthology. Edited by Erlinda K. Alburo, Erma M. Cuizon and Ma. Paloma A. Sandiego. Women in Literary Arts, 1995. Poems and short stories in English and Tagalog.
    * Cebuano folksongs. Editor/translator, Erlinda K. Alburo. University of San Carlos, 1978.
    * Gawad Bonifacio sa panitikan. Editor for Cebuano. National Commission for Culture and the Arts, 1998. Collection of Philippines literature about Bonifacio.
    * Cebu: more than an island. Essays on cultural topics by Resil B. Mojares, Reina-Marie C. Bernaldez, Raymund L. Fernandez, Erlinda K. Alburo, Melva R. Java, Jovi and Ma. Cristina Juan, Reynaldo E. Martires, Erma M. Cuizon, and Jenara R. Newman. Ayala Foundation, 1997.

Erlinda K. Alburo is a modern-day scholar of Cebu City. She is a famous personality of Philippines. She has the credit of being the promoter of Cebuano literature and language. Erlinda K. Alburo pens down poems in both English and Cebuano language. Erlinda Kintanar Alburo has a close association with Cebu City. She is the Director of Cebuano Studies Center, which is included in University of San Carlos. She teaches literature, English and research. Erlinda K. Alburo has completed her Ph.D. from Silliman University in the field of literature.  Erlinda has been involved in many works and     contributed towards betterment of the society. The Faigao Memorial Writers Workshop of Cebu, which takes place once in a year, is arranged by Alburo. Alburo plays an active role in the Women in Literary Arts or WILA.

ABAD, ANTONIO M. 1894- 1940.
Born in Barili on May 10, 1894. Studied at the Coligio de San Carlos. Primarily a Spanish writer, he wrote fiction , essays, and plays. Edited La Revolution, EL Espectador, The adviser. Won the Zobel Price in 1928 for the novel EL ultimo romantico and in 1929 for La oveja de Nathan (with Flaviano Zaragoza). Won prices in the commonwealth Literary Awards. Spanish professor at the University of the Philippines. Called 'el grand novilista de la literatura Filipinohispana despues de Rizal.' [D.M. Estabaya,' Sa natad sa katikang bisaya, Oct 21'70. This series is herein subsequently referred to as ESB; Estanilao B. Alinea, Historia analitica de laliteratura Filipino hispana, Ciudad de quezon; Imprinta Los Filipinos, 1964, pp. 171-72.] 

Born in San Nicolas in 1904. A graduate of Cebu Normal Institute, he taught in the public and private schools for thirty years. Has produced 22 novels, over 100 stories, as well as poems, and plays. Among his novels are Kaulit sa Kalipay, Ang Kalayo sa Sulad, Tulisok sa Tanlag, Basuni sa Katingala, Awit sa Gugma, and others. LUDABI president, 1956-58. Editor of Ang Dagang Bisaya, the LUDABI publication. [ESB: Nov. 24'66; Godofredo M. Roperos, "Ang Katilingban ni Martin Abellana sa katilingban nga iyang gipuy-an sulod sa upat ka sugilanon," Ang Dagang Bisaya, Jne-Jul-Aug 1969.] 

Dramatist and poet. Born in Prado in 1913. Awriter prolific in many forms, his best story is Ang Kagabhion (Bisayas, 1946). His plays include Florika (1930), Ang Pahiyum Mo (19490), Gahum sa Latigo (1965), and others. In 1948, he won second prize in the Rizal biography writing contest sponsored by Vicente Sotto. Has contributed to Babaye, Nasud, Tabunon, Bisaya, and others. Teaches at the Gullas High School in Pardo, Cebu. [ESB: Feb 17'67.]

ANTONIO MERCADO ABAD (1894-1970) was a poet, pictionist, playwrite and essayist from Cebu, Philippines, who wrote in spanish when such was the language of Filipino society. He was educated at the University of San Carlos  (formerly the Seminario -Colegio de Sa Carlos.) He was master of costumbrismo
(local color), in a personal form of anecdote known as instantanea or rafaga. He won the Premio Zobel in 1928 and 1929. He was a professor at Far Eastern Uneversity and the University of the Philippines, where he taught Spanish and co-founded the Department of Spanish 9 now European Language). His novel La oveja de Nathan is widely discussed in the following article in Spanish, by Professor Manuel Garcia Castellon, from University of New Orleans. He is the father of literary critic and poet .

His novels: 
  • El Ultimo Romantico, 1929, Premio Zobel.
  • La Oveja de Nathan, 1929, Premio Zobel.
  • Dagohoy, 1939, Premio Concurso Literario de la Mancomunidad Filipina.
  • El Campeon, 1939, Premio concurso Literario de la Mancomunidad Filipina.
  • La Vida Secreta de Daniel Espena, 1960 (one of the last Filipino novels written in Spanish.
VICENTE SOTTO : Great Cebuano of 20th Century
Vicente Yap Sotto is hailed one of the greatest Cebuanos of the 20th century for having served the Philippines as senator and being esteemed as the Farher of Cebuano Language and Letters as few of his conttrburions. He was born in Cebu City and finished his secondary education at the Colegio de San Carlos (now University of San Carlos). Vicente Sotto, or Nyor Inting as he was fondly known, wrote the first published Cebuano short story which he entitled "Maming". He as well made a play called Paghigugma sa Yutang Natawhan (love for the native Land) which demonstrated the struggle of the people of Cebu against the rule of the Spaniards. this was tagged in the oldest playhouse in the province, Teatro Junquera.

In 1902, Sotto ran as municipal councilor and for which he won. He became mayor in 1907 and 1922, he was voted as representative of the second district of Cebu. He ran and won as senator in 1946.

To honor this great Cebuano, a public hospital in Cebu is named after him - the Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center.

Publisher of  La Justicia, El Pueblo, El Nacional, The Philippine Rebublic, The Independent, Ang Suga.

YLAYA, ALBERTO (1875-1947)
A native of San Nicolas, he contributed to Ang Suga, Ang Camattuoran, Bag-ong Kusog, and others. A respected dramatist, his plays include Habeas Corpus (1905), Dalagang Sulondon (1915), Ikawalo nga Sugo (1917), Bandilang Pilipinhon (1920), and Linimbongan (1921). Agraduate of Colegio de San Carlos, he served as clerk of court and was aprincipal in San Nicolas. Diedon march 24, 1947 at the age of 72.

YLAYA, ARCADIO B. (1886-1965).
Born in San Nicolas on nov. 13, 1886. Stuied at San Juan de Letran. Worked both in private firms and in government. An orator, he was amember of Hijos de Pueblo in Cebu. Justice of  the peace in Aloguinsan. Publisher-editor of Katilingban and Banwag. The cousin of Alberto, he was involved in stage production and wrote ocational Literary pieces until the late 1950s. died on Dec. 8, 1965.


Guide Questions:

1. Why is it important that we should know and acknowledge Cebuano Writers together with  their works? 

2. Who are our Cebuano Writers? 

3. How do we acknowledge the the Cebuano writings?

4. What are the contributions of Cebuano writers in our society?


  1. Their works are truly genuine i read the play ELENA by don vicente sotto

  2. Aduna ba'y membro diri nga makasulti nako kung unsaon step-by-step pag publish ang libro nako nga nahimo? Unsa'y angay ug una nako'ng buhaton. Salamat.